Homo sapiens sapiens
|Homeworld location||Terra (Solomani Rim 1827)|
|Primary Star||G2 V|
|Also see||Solomani Confederation|
The word Solomani has several different meaning including:
- Human Major Race (Homo sapiens sapiens) that evolved on Terra from those members of Homo sapiens antiquus that the Ancients left behind when they spread Humaniti among the stars around -300,000.
- A member of the Solomani Movement (see below).
The term Solomani is often used interchangeably to refer either to members of the Solomani race (or, more palatably to some, to members of the human race of Solomani descent) or to members of the Solomani political movement. The bitter fighting along the Imperial rimward frontier with the Solomani separatists has tended to obscure (to many people on isolated worlds) the important role played by loyal Imperial citizens of Solomani descent; to the experienced traveller the evidence is ever-present and undeniable.
- 1 Biology (Physical Sophontology)
- 1.1 Evolution & Environment (Epigenetics)
- 1.2 Anatomy & Physiology (Phenotype)
- 1.3 Ecosystem & Population (Ecology)
- 2 Psychology (Cultural Sophontology)
- 3 Language (Linguistic Sophontology)
- 4 History (Archaeological Sophontology)
- 5 Civilization (Societal Sophontology)
- 6 Astrography
- 7 References & Contributors (Sources)
Biology (Physical Sophontology)
The average Solomani human stands approximately 1.8 meters in height and weigh about 100 kilograms.
- Humans are a prolific species and have extensively colonized Charted Space.
Evolution & Environment (Epigenetics)
This species originated on Terra and developed intelligence in response to interspecies competition and climactic changes.
This species developed intelligence in response to environmental climate change and interspecies competition.
- Descended from omnivore/gatherers, humans developed intelligence in response to shifting climatological factors.
- The homeworld of Humaniti is believed to be Terra (Solomani Rim 1827).
- Please see Humaniti for more information.
Climate & Ecotope (Environment)
This species holds the following environmental preferences:
- Terrestrial planet
- Temperate climate
- Forest or grassland ecotope
- Standard gravity
- Standard atmosphere
Genetic Code (Genotype)
Members of Humaniti use the following IISS code:
- Social Standing
- More complex genetic coding data available to qualified personnel upon request.
Anatomy & Physiology (Phenotype)
Humans, on average, stand approximately 1.8 meters in height and weigh about 100 kilograms.
- Descended from omnivore gatherers, humans developed intelligence in response to shifting climatological factors.
- The genetic homeworld of Humaniti is believed to be Terra (Solomani Rim 1827)..
Body Plan (Morphology)
- Humanoid (Hominid)
- Bilateral symmetry (2-ial)
- Tetrapod (4-ped)
- Two limbs used for manipulation "arms"
- Former brachiator (still capable climber)
- Two limbs used for locomotion (biped) "legs"
- Two limbs used for manipulation "arms"
- Body consists of three segments
- 1. Head with sensors and multiple-use orifice (consumption, communication, and respiration)
- 2. Torso with manipulatory limbs
- 3. Abdomen with locomotor limbs
Humans have a conventional carbon-water based biochemistry.
Humans employ a conventional respiration cycle consisting of:
- Oxygen-nitrogen inhalant
- Carbon dioxide exhalant
Ecosystem & Population (Ecology)
Humans are primarily a diurnal species and are active by daylight and rest during the night.
- They use a wide variety of technologies to master their environment including terraforming.
Diet & Trophics (Consumption)
Gender & Sexuality (Reproduction)
Humans have the following reproductive characteristics::
- Two genders (male & female)
- Mild sexual dimorphism
- (sexual reproduction)
- Conjugal intercourse
- Varied mating systems (primarily serial monogamy) (1m:1f average)
- Viviparous birth
- (Iteroparous): Uses K-selection and have few offspring that require considerable amounts of time to raise to maturity.
Adolescence & Lifecycle (Ontogeny)
The average human lifespan is now well over one hundred years in span and many live longer than that. In addition the technology of anagathics (life extension) is rapidly growing in usage although it is still prohibitively expensive to the masses. Humans are an iteroparous species and typically bear one child per pregnancy, which requires well over a decade to be educated and come to reproductive maturity. Larger litters of offspring are possible, but much less common.
Psychology (Cultural Sophontology)
Humans are a very chaotic sophont species. While many other sophont species seem to have inborn proclivities for certain widespread mindsets, humans do not. Human civilizations and societies hold incredible differences and diversities. Each population of Humaniti can be wildly different from their neighbors, even on the planetary level. Some suspect that the Ancients may have had something to do with this flexible psychology.
Culture & Society (Ethnology)
While Solomani society is widely multi-cultural, the underlying philosophy of power brokers in the Solomani Confederation is the Solomani Movement, which promotes the idea that humans of Solomani descent are superior to all others, and are most fit to rule the galaxy.
Social Organization: 1116
The basic social unit at the personal level is the nuclear family, a grouping of two adult sophonts, and their offspring. While the nuclear family is most commonly encountered, great organizational variation exists for social grouping within the Solomani Confederation. Many nuclear families group into extended families, which are groupings of genetically-related nuclear families.
- The basic unit at the aggregate level is the nation-state and, at a level even larger than that, the confederation of nation-states known as the Solomani Confederation.
Cultural Hierarchies: 1116
Three dominant power structures exist within the Solomani Confederation: The Solomani Party, SolSec and the military. Attaining a high rank in the Party or the Military will also confer social prestige upon an individual. This is also true to a lesser extent of SolSec - the largely covert nature of this organisation precludes most of the trappings of rank.
Membership of any of these three organisations is open to any ethnic Solomani or any human who can convincingly pass for an ethnic Solomani. In theory, advancement is based on merit, while in practice internal politics play a major role.
Language (Linguistic Sophontology)
History (Archaeological Sophontology)
As the inhabitant of the homeworld of Humaniti, the Solomani, or Terrans, have a rich history.
Independently developed from the original human stock on Terra, the Solomani achieved space flight in -2561, before the founding of the Third Imperium. At that point the Vilani had enjoyed space flight for nearly 7,000 years, and had a star-spanning empire which had endured for millennia.
The Solomani contacted the Vilani (and not the reverse) less than 100 years after developing space flight, and less than a decade after their discovery of jump drive. War broke out almost immediately, and only the decadence and inefficient management of the Vilani Empire allowed the Terrans to hold out long enough to build up a sizeable space fleet and begin a wide scale counter-offensive. The final result was the triumph of the men of Earth over the old Vilani Empire and the establishment of the Rule of Man (aka Second Imperium). The drift toward disintegration was, however, already strongly rooted in the fabric of the old empire and its new governors were unable to overcome its inertia. The disorganization of the last period gave rise to the disparaging term Ramshackle Empire. Within four hundred years, the Rule of Man collapsed and a seventeen hundred year interregnum ensued. From that long night came the establishment of the Third Empire, today's Imperium.
Although the Rule of Man was fairly brief in terms of galactic history, its span did allow the spread of the Solomani people throughout much of the region presently ruled by the Imperium, and established them almost universally in positions of wealth and authority. The Solomani came first as conquerors, then as administrators, and their establishment in positions of power lasted well past the end of the Rule of Man. Much of the current Imperial nobility consists of genetically true Solomani, with an especially high proportion of senior naval officers being from this group. All of the Emperors of the Imperium were, in so far as it can be established, pure genetic Solomani until the marriage of the Emperor Zhakirov to the Vilani noblewoman Antiama Shiishuginsa in 679.
Throughout much of the Imperium today, it is virtually impossible to distinguish Vilani from Solomani and in the middle classes, traditionally both geographically and socially mobile, the distinction has become meaningless as extensive intermarriage has blended the two. The tendency during the Rule of Man for wealthy Vilani to change their names to Solomani surnames has further rendered any wish to make fine genetic distinctions problematical. Only in the Solomani Rim, where many planetary populations have remained overwhelmingly Solomani in character throughout, and in the upper levels of society where individual geneologies are known with a fair degree of certainty, is there any possibility of making a meaningful distinction. Even between genetically pure Vilani and Solomani, the differences are slight.
Solomani Movement and Solomani Hypothesis
The so-called Solomani Hypothesis gained wide-spread acceptance in modern times through its active advocacy by Magis Sergei haut-Devroe (64 to 141). In fact, the notion that Terra was man's home world had been widely accepted during the Rule of Man for several reasons.
Prior to contact between the Vilani and the Solomani, numerous theories of man's origins had been proposed, and each held varying degrees of sway in the different subject areas of the First Empire. Before spaceflight, Vilani development of the biological sciences had been painfully slow. Consider the difficulties: no animal on Vland has as close a relationship to a human as a human has to a lobster or even to an oak tree. This meant, among other things, that biology received little impetus from medical research: there were few human diseases (and no diseases with animal vectors); even surgery was largely freed from the danger of infection. In addition, there were no animals available for anatomical or biological experiments whose findings would have any validity for humans. Further, when a theory of evolution was finally developed on Vland, it was very difficult to fit humans into the scheme. The fossil evidence for the remainder of Vlandish life was telling, but theories of human evolution were forced to rely on farfetched lines of descent based on superficial similarities, and no theory of man's descent was granted more than tentative acceptance. On the gross level of physical shape, and even in some internal structures, there were many similarities between humaniti and the rest of Vlandish life; after all, there are only a few ways to construct a heart or an eye. But on the cellular and molecular levels, it is clear that humans are unique; only the primitive state of Vlandish embryology, cytology, and molecular biology kept this fact partially hidden.
When the Vilani burst into the interstellar scene, the discovery of numerous interfertile human races, all equally alien to the rest of the life on their planets, and at the same time of many non-human sentients with clear relationships to lower animals on their planets, sparked a new (and correct) theory that humaniti had originated on a single homeworld and had been scattered across the galaxy by unknown agency. Some theorized a previous human galactic empire, but the discovery of numerous ruins of the Ancients seemed to point to them as the likely agents. The major remaining question was the identity of humaniti's home planet. Many candidates were proposed, and all had their (generally chauvinistic) proponents, but the one generally accepted by scientists was Urunishu in the Antares Sector. Urunishu possessed a native human race and a large number of species obviously very similar biologically to humaniti, from rodents to baleen whales, including a number of primate species. Unfortunately, Urunishu was undergoing an ice age, and had suffered from intermittent glaciation for several million years, making paleontological research both difficult and, due to the scouring action of glacial flow, unlikely to retain many recent fossils. It was at this point that biological progress began to suffer from the general stagnation of scientific research that was an unfortunate outgrowth of the Consolidation Wars and the Pax Vilanica.
Contact with Terra and the subsequent Rule of Man widely spread the notion that Terra was the true homeworld, but following the collapse of the Second Empire many independent planets rejected the explanation, claiming that documentary evidence supporting Terra's claim was largely fabricated as a political prop to a faltering government. Few scientists had actually been to Terra or had the knowledge to appreciate its claims, and no physical evidence existed off-world.
Haut-Devroe's hypothesis, however, was based on numerous fragmentary surviving Second Empire texts clearly not of government origin, mostly scientific journals printed on Terra. Since the Imperium traces its legitimacy to the Second Empire, charges of Rule of Man political fabrication were in any event no longer held to be plausible, and the predominantly Solomani make-up of Imperial aristocracy added an additional boost to widespread acceptance. Additionally, haut-Devroe was able to marshal impressive archeological evidence that Urunishu had been the site of an extensive Ancient facility, the equivalent of a zoological park, which contained various Terran fauna and flora, thus ruling out the only other serious candidate for the Human home world. While creating academic interest, however, haut-Devroe's arguments caused little true sensation, and no claims to Solomani racial superiority. When the region of Sol was reincorporated into the Imperium in 588, a small historical mission verified, to no one's great surprise, haut-Devroe's Solomani Hypothesis.
By the early 660's, however, it began to appear that the fabric of the Imperium was unraveling. The previous five hundred years had witnessed a great expansion and thus taxed the ability of the central government to control the frontier. Simultaneously, the power of the various fringe rulers grew; the power of the Sector Dukes as more territory was added to the Imperial Realm, and that of the Admirals of the Marches in proportion to increases in naval and military assets. In 606, Grand Admiral Olav hault-Plankwell returned from the successful conclusion of the First Frontier War (589 to 604) with a fleet-in-being and seized the scepter, thus beginning a period of two decades in which a series of admirals, the so-called Emperors of the Flag, wrestled for control of the Imperium.
This period of bitter fighting saw the beginning of the Solomani Movement. In addition to causing a great deal of destruction, the period of the Civil War also caused tremendous social upheaval, and Vilani nobles and industrialists began offering a serious challenge within the Imperium to the entrenched Solomani economic and political structure. It was primarily a reaction to this challenge that the Solomani movement was born. In general terms, the adherents of the movement held that the pure Terran racial stock was somehow superior and best fit for ruling the Imperium. They based this primarily on the historical argument that the original Terran invasion, although vastly outnumbered, had succeeded in bringing down the rotten and corrupt First Empire. Radical adherents of the movement eventually came to renounce the Rule of Man as the legitimate source of power, claiming that its failure to govern well was due to the renunciation of the preeminence of Terra. (The Rule of Man was initiated by a decision by the Navy not to accept Earth government authority any longer; it began with the institution of a much broader representational base in the government. In the brief period between the Nth Interstellar War and the beginning of the Rule of Man, the defunct Vilani Empire had been ruled as a conquered territory of Terra, an arrangement which most political scientists agree was totally unworkable.)
Initially, the movement consisted of only a small number of genetically true Terrans, but as the troubles grew (and financial support multiplied) large numbers of essentially nostalgic and reactionary movements formed and the Solomani gained numerous supporters. The movement was at its height immediately after the Civil War (604 to 622) and completely dominated the inner circles of the court advisers to the Empress Arbellatra.
Emperor Zhakirov & Solomani
The assumption of the throne by Zhakirov in 666 marked a turning point for the movement. Zhakirov early made clear his rejection of the Solomani Movement's basic positions and began bringing in advisers, first of Solomani descent but not in sympathy with the movement, and later Vilani nobles. Zhakirov's final break with the movement came when he chose Antiama as his bride, thus guaranteeing an heir of mixed Vilani and Solomani stock, and banished the majority of his Solomani Movement advisers from court. To placate the more vocal of the Solomani spokesmen, the Solomani Autonomous Region (or the Solomani Sphere) was formed in 704. Effectively, the Imperium turned its back on its rimward fringes for nearly two centuries and allowed the region to develop independently. Trade continued; technological exchanges continued; even taxes continued. The major thrust of the Imperium, however, was to spinward.
Empress Margaret & Solomani
In the mid-900's, Empress Margaret turned her attention to the Solomani in response to appeals from several client-worlds within the sphere. The reports indicated that the Solomani were perhaps too overbearing in their own superiority. Authority was concentrated in a few highly placed, genetically true Terrans, with a general disregard for the basic equality of the races.
Empress Margaret II & Solomani
Margaret II, by proclamation in 940, declared the Solomani Autonomous Region dissolved, and reintegrated it into the Imperium. The Solomani resisted. Initially, the Imperium resorted to diplomacy and bureaucracy to reabsorb scattered worlds into the Imperial mainstream. Ultimately, however, the worlds which had been added to the Sphere since 704 confronted the Imperium with their desire to remain both outside the Imperium and within the influence of Sol. The result was the Solomani Rim War (990 to 1002), an Imperial attempt by more forceful means to make the reintegration stick.
Exhausted, however, by the Third Frontier War (979 to 986), the Imperium was unable to complete the process. When in 1002 Imperial forces recaptured Terra after a long and costly ground and space campaign, both sides were willing to accept an armistice based on the status quo. No treaty was ever signed and the cease fire line has become the de facto border with occasional border incidents on a fairly regular basis since. A total of about 25% of the old Solomani Autonomous Region was reintegrated at the time of the cease fire.
Today in the Imperial area of the Solomani Rim, Solomani agitation is widespread, and wherever political freedom is tolerated there is generally at least one (and sometimes several rival) Solomani Parties. The Solomani Movement itself is fragmented, with hardliners adhering to a rigid belief in Solomani supremacy and sole fitness to rule the Imperium while more moderate forces work toward independence of the old Solomani Autonomous Region from the Imperium, presumably to join those worlds currently comprising the Solomani Sphere.
Civilization (Societal Sophontology)
The civilization and society of this species is known as the Solomani Confederation. However, members of the Solomani race can be found throughout Charted Space. The peak of Solomani technology is at the (TL-15) level of mastery. However, the average TL of the Solomani Confederation is much lower. Solomani merchants trade throughout Charted Space and are known for the sharp business skills.
Government & Politics (Leadership)
The halls of Solomani power are occupied by three power groups that both compete and collaborate with each other:
- Solomani Party (SolPar), the political arm, which advocates for the Solomani Movement or Solomani Cause
- Solomani Navy (SolNav), the military arm, which employs a near monopoly on force.
- Solomani Security (SolSec), the intelligence arm, which maintains ideological purity as well as conducting espionage, protecting state secrets, and surveillance of perceived threats to the Solomani Confederation.
The chief governing body of the Solomani Confederation is the Secretariat. The Secretariat is presided over by the Secretary General, who is elected from its membership. The Secretary General is the chief administrative officer of the Solomani government, and while the office holds great power, it is fully accountable to the Secretariat.
Representatives to the Secretariat are appointed by the governments of the individual districts. The number of representatives each district may appoint is determined according to that district's contribution to the Solomani economy. A district typically consists of a single world, but low population worlds or depressed areas are combined into multi-world districts. In the case of a district such as this, an election is held to determine the representative from that district. These, however, are not elections in the normal sense; the governments vote, rather than the populace. Each government of such a district is allocated votes, again, according to its economic importance, which are used to elect a representative for that district.
- Please see Solomani Confederation for more information.
The Solomani Movement is an organization devoted to the doctrine that humans of Solomani descent are superior to all others, and are most fit to rule the galaxy. Many branches of the Solomani Movement are officially titled the Solomani Party within both the Third Imperium and the Solomani Confederation.
Charter for Confederation of the Free Solomani States
The Charter for Confederation of the Free Solomani States is an important document signed in 871, and was effectively a Declaration of Independence, by the Solomani Party Congress of the Solomani Autonomous Region meeting on Terra (Solomani Rim 1827).
Please see Charter for Confederation of the Free Solomani States for more information.
Solomani Autonomous Region
- See Solomani Autonomous Region for more information.
Calendar & Timekeeping
The Solomani officially use the Gregorian Calendar as a calendar and timekeeping system.
- Unofficially, many Solomani traders and merchants use the Imperial calendar or the calendars of alien species with whom they are trading.
Terran dates centre on a year about midway through the period of Vilani ascendance. After that date, years ascend and are suffixed AD; before that date, years descend and are suffixed BC. There is no year zero. Terran years have 365 days and are considered a standard for length of year. Years are further subdivided into months and weeks, although these divisions have fallen into disuse outside the Solomani Sphere.
The Solomani maintain a large and potent military composed of an army, navy, marines, Home Guard, and policing (paramilitary) forces. While the Solomani is a confederation of member-states, each of which maintain their own military, the largest and potent military is maintained by the Terrans.
Secret police force maintained in service to the Solomani Confederation for the purpose of maintaining state secrets, conducting espionage, and implementing political policies of the government. Solomani Security (SolSec) is the third power in the Solomani Confederation. Its mission is "the maintenance and protection of the Solomani Cause against all enemies," and it accomplishes this mission by recruiting agents from the general Solomani population.
- Please see Solomani Security for more information.
This race is primarily located in the following areas:
The homeworld of this race is: