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[[Government]] is the method by which a subplanetary (...smaller than a world), planetary (world), or interstellar (multi-system) state or community, leads (governs) itself.  
+
[[Government]] is the method by which a subplanetary (...smaller than a world), planetary (world), or interstellar (multi-system) state or community, governs. itself. Standard [[Universal World Profile]] codes exist to explain most of the most common government types.
* Standard [[UWP]] codes exist to explain most of the most common government types.
 
* The study of governments, governance,  and other related subjects is known as ''political science'', a type of ''social science''.
 
----
 
Please see the following [[AAB]] [[Library Data]] articles for more information:
 
* [[Government|Government Power Structures]]
 
** [[Anarchy]]
 
** [[Confederation]]
 
** [[Empire]]
 
** [[Federation]]
 
** [[Hegemony]]
 
** [[Unitary State]]
 
* Social Structures
 
** [[Civilization]]
 
** [[Government]]
 
** [[Polity]]
 
** [[Society]]
 
----
 
* Observing Charted Space
 
** [[Universal World Profile]] ([[UWP]])
 
*** [[Starport]] ([[Sp]])
 
*** [[Planetary Size]] (S)
 
*** [[Atmosphere]] (A)
 
*** [[Hydrosphere]] (H)
 
*** [[Population]] (P)
 
*** [[Government]] (G)
 
*** [[Law Level]] (L)
 
*** [[Tech Level]] ([[TL]])
 
** PBG Sequence
 
*** P: [[Population Multiplier|Pop Multiplier]]s
 
*** B: [[Planetoid Belt|Belt]]s
 
*** G: [[Gas Giant]]s
 
*** TZ: [[Travel Zone]]
 
** COG Sequence
 
*** C: [[Climate]]
 
*** O: [[Orbit]]
 
*** G: [[Gravity]]
 
** Other System Data
 
*** [[Allegiance Code]] ([[AC]])
 
*** [[Base Code]] (BC)
 
*** [[Cultural Extension]] ([[Cx]])
 
*** [[Economic Extension]] ([[Ex]])
 
*** [[Importance Extension]] ([[Ix]])
 
*** [[Sophont Code]]
 
*** [[Trade Classification]] ([[TC]])
 
----
 
  
 
== Description ([[Specifications]]) ==
 
== Description ([[Specifications]]) ==
The [[Imperium]] uses a system to distinguish governments from each other. This system is called the [[UWP]] System. Government types in the [[UWP]] indicates the general type of authority. The Planetary Government tables describe characteristics of each government type by power structure or source.  
+
The government codes used in the [[Universal World Profile]] describe generalizations of the many types and forms of possible governments. In the original form the code was to describe the workings of the government at the level of interaction with an outsider. By providing an overview of how the laws are made and processed by the local populace informs the outsider what to expect. If the current laws and policies are not to the liking, how difficult are these to change.  
* Please see [[Allegiance Code]] for more information.
 
  
=== State vs. Stateless Systems ===
+
=== General Government Codes & Descriptions ===
While all of the states (polities) in [[Charted Space]] are interstellar (...or smaller) in nature, larger-sized states, such as [[pangalactic]] or [[polygalactic]] arrangements, have been hypothesized, but do not exist within [[Charted Space]].
+
[[World]]s inhabited by [[Humaniti]] or non-Human [[Sophont]]s similar to [[Humaniti]] are generally classified with the following codes:
 +
 
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 
|-  
 
|-  
!colspan="2"| TBD
+
!colspan="6"| General Government Codes & Descriptions
|-
 
! Topic
 
! Remarks
 
|-
 
| X
 
| TBD
 
|-
 
| X
 
| TBD
 
|-
 
|}
 
 
 
==== State Polities ====
 
A '''State''' is an organized community living under a common leadership (government), organized on the basis of a subplanetary (...smaller than a world), planetary (world), or interstellar (multi-system) government. ''States'' are also referred to as ''polities''. Most ''States'' have an organized government, which possesses executive, legislative, and judiciary power structures.
 
* Sometimes called nations or nation-states.
 
 
 
==== Stateless Polities ====
 
A '''Stateless Society''' is a society that is ''not'' governed by a state. Stateless Societies have little to no centralization of authority. What positions of authority exist are generally extremely-limited in power and scope. ''Stateless Societies'' use widely-disparate economic and cultural organizational practices. Many ''Stateless Societies'' posses little in the way of executive, legislative, or judiciary power structures.
 
* The [[Hive Federation]], which also bears some properties of a [[Confederation]], is as close to a ''stateless society'' (anarchy) as can be found in the major states of [[Charted Space]]. Some [[Solomani]] scientists call the ''[[Hive Federation]]'' a form of ''Anarcho-capitalism''.
 
 
 
=== Government Powers ===
 
Governments exist with vastly different levels of power and influecne over nearby governments or states.
 
* Please see [[client state]] and [[pocket empire]] for more information.
 
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 
|-
 
!colspan="2"| TBD
 
|-
 
! Topic
 
! Remarks
 
|-
 
| X
 
| TBD
 
|-
 
| X
 
| TBD
 
|-
 
|}
 
 
 
==== Minor Powers ====
 
* '''Minor Power''': A Minor Power, or ''Micro Power'', is a state may or may not have achieved independence from other states in most aspects of governance. Some Minor States have little freedom of governance and, if strongly dominated by another state, they may be classifed as [[client state]]s or [[vassal state]]s.
 
 
 
==== Powers ====
 
* '''Power''': A (Standard) Power is a state that has achieved independence and experiences freedom from other states in most but not necessarily all aspects of governance.
 
 
 
==== Major Powers ====
 
* '''Superpower''': A Superpower or Hyperpower, also known as a ''Great Power'' or ''Macro Power'', is one of a handful of states (polities) that dominate all other lesser states in their interstellar sphere. 
 
* '''Hyperpower''': A Hyperpower is often used to indicate a state (polity) that dominates all other states in its interstellar sphere. It is a runaway power, dominating the system.
 
 
 
=== Sovereign vs. Non-sovereign States ===
 
States may additionally be ''Sovereign'' or ''Non-sovereign''.
 
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 
|-
 
!colspan="2"| TBD
 
|-
 
! Topic
 
! Remarks
 
|-
 
| X
 
| TBD
 
|-
 
| X
 
| TBD
 
|-
 
|}
 
 
 
==== Sovereign Polities ====
 
A '''Sovereign State''' is a state run by a ''Centralized Government'' that has sovereignty, or the ability to exert power over an astrographic area, sometimes as small as a single solar system and, at other times, as large as a multi-system or even multi-sector polity.
 
 
 
==== Sovereign Polity Qualities ====
 
'''Sovereign States''' most often share the following qualities:
 
* Autonomous
 
* Independent
 
* Self-governing.
 
 
 
==== Sovereign Polity Terms ====
 
'''Sovereign States''' are often referred to as: 
 
* Great Powers
 
* Hyperpowers
 
* (Standard) Powers
 
* Superpowers
 
 
 
==== Non-sovereign Polities ====
 
A '''Non-sovereign State''' is a state that has little to no sovereignty over an astrographic area.
 
 
 
=== Non-sovereign Polity Qualities ===
 
'''Non-sovereign States''' most often share the following qualities:
 
* Non-autonomous (Subjugated)
 
* Not independent (Subordinate or Subsidiary)
 
* Not self-governing (Subservient)
 
 
==== Non-sovereign Polity Terms ====
 
'''Non-sovereign States''' are often referred to as: 
 
* Banana Republics
 
* A client state
 
* A colony
 
* A dependent state
 
* Minor Powers
 
* An occupied state (Under military administration)
 
* A puppet state
 
* A subpolity
 
* A vassal state
 
 
 
=== Government Power Structures ===
 
There are six primary power structure types, most commonly found amongst the governments of [[Charted Space]]:
 
* ''[[Anarchy]]:'' Probably the ealriest government power structure is the far less common or lasting [[Anarchy]].
 
* ''[[Confederation]]:''  A Confederation is an interstellar political entity with a very loose relationship amongst a number of smaller political units. In some cases, a confederacy is little more than an alliance between independent states.
 
* ''[[Empire]]:'' Empires differ from other states in that they have supreme control over other states. In the case of the [[Imperium]], the [[Imperial Nobility#Emperor|Emperor]] retains the power to exert supreme control over his vassals, or the [[Imperial Nobility]], in a system reminiscent of feudalism with some aspects of federalism.
 
* ''[[Federation]]:'' A Federation, or Federal State, is an interstellar political entity characterized by a union of partially self-governing states under a central (federal) interstellar government.
 
* ''[[Hegemony]]:'' A Hegemony is an interstellar political entity that has established political, cultural, economic, or military predominance or control over other states.
 
* ''[[Unitary State]]:'' A Unitary State is an interstellar political entity characterized by a higher degree of centralization than a Federation, but much less than a Hegemony or Empire. Most Unitary States have a high degree of separation of powers and guiding legal and governmental documents. 
 
 
 
==== Comparative Government Power Structures Table ====
 
:{| class="wikitable sortable" width="90%"
 
|-
 
! #
 
! System (Politeia)
 
! Centralization (Structure)
 
! Bureaucracy (Law)
 
! Strengths
 
! Weaknesses
 
! Notes
 
|-
 
| 1.
 
| [[Anarchy]]     
 
|| Very low or None
 
|| No Significant Bureaucracy
 
|| Gives no one significant control
 
|| Sets insignificant or no policy
 
| Apolitical
 
(Unrecognized power)
 
|-
 
| 2.
 
| [[Confederation]]
 
|| Low     
 
|| Very Weak Bureaucracy (Adhocracy)
 
|| Gives local/regional/planetary governments almost complete control           
 
|| Sets almost no significant uniform policies
 
| Strongly popular government
 
(Widely distributed power)
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 3.
+
! [[Symbol]]
| [[Federation]]   
 
|| Medium   
 
|| Weak Bureaucracy                 
 
|| Gives local/regional/planetary governments more power             
 
|| Sacrifices uniformity on some issues
 
| Popular government
 
(Distributed power)
 
|-
 
| 4.
 
| [[Unitary State]]
 
|| High     
 
|| Strong Bureaucracy               
 
|| Sets uniform policies that direct the entire sector/state       
 
|| Disregards local/planetary differences
 
| Meso-government
 
(Balanced power)
 
|-
 
| 5.
 
| [[Hegemony]]     
 
|| Very High
 
|| Very Strong Bureaucracy         
 
|| Directs strong policies that direct the entire sector/state       
 
|| Strongly disregards local/planetary differences
 
| Republican government
 
(Concentrated power)
 
|-
 
| 6.
 
| [[Empire]]       
 
|| Supreme 
 
|| Supreme Bureaucracy             
 
|| Dictates supreme policies that direct the entire sector/state       
 
|| Supremely disregards or outright ignores local/planetary differences
 
| Strongly republican government
 
(Strongly concentrated power)
 
|-
 
|}
 
 
 
Please note that the ''Power Structures Table'' refers to bureacracy only in the sense of the effectiveness of control the bureaucracy has over the ''governed'' on a whole government level.
 
* The ''bureaucracies of less-centralized states'' can be just as onerous as the bureaucracies or more centralized and effective states. Less-centralized bureaucracies tend to be less effective and easier to influence (...including graft and bribes).
 
* The ''bureaucracies of more-centralized states'' tend to wield punishment and violence more often, incurring higher costs for those who break the rules. This doesn't necessarily make bribes or graft less common, but the higher opportunity costs of such actions ''does'' make the bureaucracies of more-centralized states more difficult to influence. No [[sophont]] administrator wants to take chance of losing their head (...or other vital appendage) over a petty bribe.
 
* Please see [[Law level]] for more information.
 
 
 
=== Government Power Sources ===
 
There are at least six major power source types (...as well as some other lesser-encountered or minor possibilities), found amongst the governments of [[Charted Space]]:
 
 
 
* 1. Chaos (Barbarism: Government by no one: No State): No one in control without other social mechanisms to encourage order.
 
** Barbarism (Chaos)
 
 
 
* 2. Autocratic States (Autocracy: Government by very few Sophonts):
 
** Autocracy (Supreme power is concentrated in the hands of one person)
 
** Constitutional Tyranny (An absolute ruler enabled by law or constitution)
 
** Despotism (A single entity rules with absolute power)
 
** Dictatorship (Political authority is monopolized by a single person or political entity)
 
** Fascism (A form of radical authoritarian nationalism)
 
** Totalitarianism (The state holds total authority over the society and seeks to control all aspects of public and private life wherever possible)
 
** And other forms
 
 
 
* 3. Oligarchical States (Oligarchy: Government by small groups of Sophonts):
 
** Aristocracy
 
** Bureaucracy
 
** Diarohy
 
** Feudalism
 
** Military Junta
 
** Monarchy
 
** Plutocracy
 
** Stratocracy
 
** Technocracy
 
** T.E.D. (Technologically Elevated Dictator)
 
** Theocracy
 
** Timocracy
 
** Triarchy
 
** And other forms
 
 
 
* 4. Republican States (Republic: Government by Representatives of Sophonts):
 
** Democratic Republic
 
** Limited Monarchy (Parliamentary Democracy)
 
** And other forms
 
 
 
* 5. Democratic States (Democracy: Government by large groups of Sophonts: Populist):
 
** Collegial Democracy
 
** Direct Democracy or Pure Democracy (A form of democracy in which people decide policy directly)
 
** Electronic Democracy or Internet Democracy or E-Democracy (A form of democracy that uses advanced communications technology to encourage direct policy decisions from a populace)
 
** Ochlocracy
 
** Polyarchy
 
** Representative Democracy or Indirect Democracy (A variety of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people)
 
** Stochocracy
 
** And other forms
 
 
 
* 6. Pantocratic States (Pantocracy: Government by Everyone: Anarchy):
 
** Adhocracy
 
** Organized Anarchy
 
** Sociocracy
 
** And other forms
 
 
 
* 7. Other Types of States (Government by specialized groups of Sophonts) Many classify these other kinds of states as just another type of oligarchy:
 
** Anocracy
 
** Kritarchy
 
** Particracy
 
** And other forms
 
 
 
==== Comparative Government Power Sources Table ====
 
:{| class="wikitable sortable" width="90%"
 
|-
 
! Power Source / Govt. Type!!Leaders (Quantity)!!Power Distribution!!Power Characteristic
 
|-
 
| 1. [[Chaos]]              || None            || None        || Chaos (Barbarism)
 
|-
 
| 2. [[Autocracy]]          || Very few        || Very Low    || Authoritarian (Supremacist)
 
|-
 
| 3. [[Oligarchy]]          || Few              || Low        || Authoritarian (Elitist)
 
|-
 
| 4. [[Republic|Republicanism]]      || Some            || Moderate    || Representative (Elective Representation)
 
|-
 
| 5. [[Democracy]]          || Many            || High        || Representative (Elective Populism)
 
|-
 
| 6. [[Pantocracy]]          || Most (Very Many) || Very High  || Populist (Anarchy)
 
|-
 
| 7. [[Other Power Sources]] || Various          || Various    || Populist (Chosen Groups)
 
|-
 
|}
 
 
 
== History & Background ([[Dossier]]) ==
 
''Standard Codes & Descriptions:'' The [[Imperium]] uses a standardized system of government codes referred to as the [[UWP]] (Universal World Profile) System. These codes are most useful when used to describe worlds presided over by members of [[Humaniti]] or [[sophont]]s with similar psychologies.
 
 
 
=== General Government Codes & Descriptions ===
 
[[World]]s inhabited by [[Humaniti]] or non-Human [[Sophont]]s similar to [[Humaniti]] are generally classified with the following codes:
 
 
:{| class="wikitable sortable" width="90%"
 
|+Government Codes
 
 
! Code
 
! Code
 
! Name
 
! Name
 
! Description  
 
! Description  
! Power Source
+
! Power Source / Sructure
! Power Structure
+
|-
|- valign="top"
+
| [[File:Gov-Code-0 Fan-Andy-Bigwood 13-Nov-2019.png|100px]]
 
| 0
 
| 0
 
| [[Anarchy|No Government Structure]]
 
| [[Anarchy|No Government Structure]]
 
| In many cases, tribal, clan or family bonds predominate
 
| In many cases, tribal, clan or family bonds predominate
| (Pantocracy or Chaos)
+
| Democracy / Anarchy or Confederation
| Confederation (Anarchy)
+
|-
|- valign="top"
+
| [[File:Gov-Code-1 Fan-Andy-Bigwood 13-Nov-2019.png|100px]]
 
| 1
 
| 1
 
| [[Corporate Polity|Company/Corporation]]
 
| [[Corporate Polity|Company/Corporation]]
 
| Government by a company managerial elite, citizens are company employees.
 
| Government by a company managerial elite, citizens are company employees.
| (Oligarchy)
+
| Oligarchy / Unitary State
| Hegemony
+
|-
|- valign="top"
+
| [[File:Gov-Code-2 Fan-Andy-Bigwood 13-Nov-2019.png|100px]]
 
| 2
 
| 2
 
| [[Participatory Democracy|Participating Democracy]]
 
| [[Participatory Democracy|Participating Democracy]]
 
| Government by advice and consent of the citizen.
 
| Government by advice and consent of the citizen.
| (Democracy)
+
| Democracy / Confederation or Federation
| Unitary State
+
|-
|- valign="top"
+
| [[File:Gov-Code-3 Fan-Andy-Bigwood 13-Nov-2019.png|100px]]
 
| 3
 
| 3
| [[Self-perpetuating Oligarchy|Self-Perpetuating Oligarchy]]
+
| [[Self-perpetuating Oligarchy|Self-perpetuating Oligarchy]]
 
| Government by a restricted minority, with little or no input from the masses.
 
| Government by a restricted minority, with little or no input from the masses.
| (Oligarchy)
+
| Oligarchy / Unitary State
| Hegemony
+
|-
|- valign="top"
+
| [[File:Gov-Code-4 Fan-Andy-Bigwood 13-Nov-2019.png|100px]]
 
| 4
 
| 4
 
| [[Representative Democracy|Representative Democracy]]
 
| [[Representative Democracy|Representative Democracy]]
 
| Government by elected representatives.
 
| Government by elected representatives.
| (Republicanism)
+
| Democracy / Federation or Unitary State
| Unitary State
+
|-
|- valign="top"
+
| [[File:Gov-Code-5 Fan-Andy-Bigwood 13-Nov-2019.png|100px]]
 
| 5
 
| 5
 
| [[Feudal Technocracy]]
 
| [[Feudal Technocracy]]
 
| Government by specific individuals for those who agree to be ruled. Relationships are based on the performance of technical activities which are mutually-beneficial.
 
| Government by specific individuals for those who agree to be ruled. Relationships are based on the performance of technical activities which are mutually-beneficial.
| (Oligarchy)
+
| Oligarchy / Federation or Unitary State
| Hegemony
+
|-
|- valign="top"
+
| [[File:Gov-Code-6 Fan-Andy-Bigwood 13-Nov-2019.png|100px]]
 
| 6
 
| 6
 
| [[Captive Government|Captive Government/Colony]]
 
| [[Captive Government|Captive Government/Colony]]
 
| Government by a leadership answerable to an outside group, a colony or conquered area.
 
| Government by a leadership answerable to an outside group, a colony or conquered area.
| (Vassal State)
+
| Autocracy / Federation
| Federation
+
|-
|- valign="top"
+
| [[File:Gov-Code-7 Fan-Andy-Bigwood 13-Nov-2019.png|100px]]
 
| 7
 
| 7
 
| [[Balkanized Government|Balkanization]]
 
| [[Balkanized Government|Balkanization]]
 
| No central ruling authority exists. Rival governments compete for control.
 
| No central ruling authority exists. Rival governments compete for control.
| (Balkanization)
+
| Anarchy / Confederation
| Confederation (Anarchy)
+
|-
|- valign="top"
+
| [[File:Gov-Code-8 Fan-Andy-Bigwood 13-Nov-2019.png|100px]]
 
| 8
 
| 8
 
| [[Civil Service Bureaucracy]]
 
| [[Civil Service Bureaucracy]]
 
| Government by agencies employing individuals selected for their expertise.
 
| Government by agencies employing individuals selected for their expertise.
| (Oligarchy)
+
| Oligarchy / Unitary State
| Unitary State
+
|-
|- valign="top"
+
| [[File:Gov-Code-9 Fan-Andy-Bigwood 13-Nov-2019.png|100px]]
 
| 9
 
| 9
 
| [[Impersonal Bureaucracy]]
 
| [[Impersonal Bureaucracy]]
 
| Government by agencies which are insulated from the governed.
 
| Government by agencies which are insulated from the governed.
| (Oligarchy)
+
| Oligarchy / Unitary State
| Hegemony
+
|-
|- valign="top"
+
| [[File:Gov-Code-A Fan-Andy-Bigwood 13-Nov-2019.png|100px]]
 
| A (10)
 
| A (10)
 
| [[Charismatic Dictatorship|Charismatic Dictator]]
 
| [[Charismatic Dictatorship|Charismatic Dictator]]
 
| Government by a single leader enjoying the confidence of the citizens.
 
| Government by a single leader enjoying the confidence of the citizens.
| (Popular Autocracy)
+
| Autocracy / Unitary State
| Empire
+
|-
|- valign="top"
+
| [[File:Gov-Code-B Fan-Andy-Bigwood 13-Nov-2019.png|100px]]
 
| B (11)
 
| B (11)
 
| [[Non-charismatic Dictatorship|Non-Charismatic Leader]]
 
| [[Non-charismatic Dictatorship|Non-Charismatic Leader]]
 
| A previous charismatic dictator has been replaced by a leader through normal channels.
 
| A previous charismatic dictator has been replaced by a leader through normal channels.
| (Un-popular Autocracy)
+
| Autocracy / Unitary State
| Empire
+
|-
|- valign="top"
+
| [[File:Gov-Code-C Fan-Andy-Bigwood 13-Nov-2019.png|100px]]
 
| C (12)
 
| C (12)
 
| [[Charismatic Oligarchy]]
 
| [[Charismatic Oligarchy]]
 
| Government by a select group, organization, or class enjoying overwhelming confidence of the citizenry.
 
| Government by a select group, organization, or class enjoying overwhelming confidence of the citizenry.
| (Popular Oligarchy)
+
| Oligarchy / Unitary State
| Hegemony
+
|-
|- valign="top"
+
| [[File:Gov-Code-D Fan-Andy-Bigwood 13-Nov-2019.png|100px]]
 
| D (13)
 
| D (13)
 
| [[Religious Dictatorship]]
 
| [[Religious Dictatorship]]
 
| Government by a religious minority which has little regard for the needs of the citizenry.
 
| Government by a religious minority which has little regard for the needs of the citizenry.
| (Un-popular Autocracy)
+
| Autocracy / Unitary State
| Empire
+
|-
|- valign="top"
+
| [[File:Gov-Code-E Fan-Andy-Bigwood 13-Nov-2019.png|100px]]
 
| E (14)
 
| E (14)
 
| [[Religious Autocracy]]
 
| [[Religious Autocracy]]
 
| Government by a single religious leader having absolute power over the citizenry.
 
| Government by a single religious leader having absolute power over the citizenry.
| (Supreme Autocracy)
+
| Autocracy / Unitary State
| Empire
+
|-
|- valign="top"
+
| [[File:Gov-Code-F Fan-Andy-Bigwood 13-Nov-2019.png|100px]]
 
| F (15)
 
| F (15)
 
| [[Totalitarian Oligarchy]]
 
| [[Totalitarian Oligarchy]]
 
| Government by an all-powerful minority which maintains absolute control through widespread coercion and oppression
 
| Government by an all-powerful minority which maintains absolute control through widespread coercion and oppression
| (Supreme Oligarchy)
+
| Oligarchy / Unitary State
| Empire
+
|-
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 435: Line 122:
 
''Subordinate Government'' are non-sovereign (...or semi-sovereign) governments on other planets within a system. These governments are usually code 0,1,2,3 or 6.
 
''Subordinate Government'' are non-sovereign (...or semi-sovereign) governments on other planets within a system. These governments are usually code 0,1,2,3 or 6.
  
=== Other Standards ===
+
=== Governments outside of the Third Imperium ===
In source information from other places and other eras of history, other government codes and types have been used.
 
 
 
==== Alien Governments ====
 
 
 
 
Certain non-human [[sophont]]s use governments that do not cleanly map to human standards. They can be likened to human governments, but differ in fine details important to them. These details are also often important to human travellers to these worlds, at least as much as the differences between human governments matter. The clearest difference is between the [[Hiver]] Supervised Anarchy (where the [[Hiver Federation]] observers are often effectively the people in charge, even if they act indirectly) and Unsupervised Anarchy (where this is not the case, instead being truly ruled by individual nests, with the result somewhere between codes 0 and 7 - between what a human world would term an anarchy or a balkanized government).
 
Certain non-human [[sophont]]s use governments that do not cleanly map to human standards. They can be likened to human governments, but differ in fine details important to them. These details are also often important to human travellers to these worlds, at least as much as the differences between human governments matter. The clearest difference is between the [[Hiver]] Supervised Anarchy (where the [[Hiver Federation]] observers are often effectively the people in charge, even if they act indirectly) and Unsupervised Anarchy (where this is not the case, instead being truly ruled by individual nests, with the result somewhere between codes 0 and 7 - between what a human world would term an anarchy or a balkanized government).
 
+
==== Worlds in other empires ====
 
[[Vargr]] worlds do not use these government codes, as they have the same range of governments that humans have. It is also worth pointing out, to certain less educated [[Third Imperium|Imperial]] travellers, that the [[Solomani Confederation]] and [[Zhodani Consulate]] do not have alien government codes because they are not alien: they are human, for all their cultural differences.
 
[[Vargr]] worlds do not use these government codes, as they have the same range of governments that humans have. It is also worth pointing out, to certain less educated [[Third Imperium|Imperial]] travellers, that the [[Solomani Confederation]] and [[Zhodani Consulate]] do not have alien government codes because they are not alien: they are human, for all their cultural differences.
  
:{| class="wikitable sortable" width="90%"
+
{| class="wikitable"
|+Alien Government Codes
+
|-
 +
!colspan="3"| Alien Government Codes & Descriptions
 +
|-
 
! Code
 
! Code
 
! Name
 
! Name
 
! Race
 
! Race
|- valign="top"
+
|-
 
| G
 
| G
 
| Small Station or Facility
 
| Small Station or Facility
 
| [[Aslan]]
 
| [[Aslan]]
|- valign="top"
+
|-
 
| H  
 
| H  
 
| Split Clan Control
 
| Split Clan Control
 
| [[Aslan]]
 
| [[Aslan]]
|- valign="top"
+
|-
 
| J
 
| J
 
| Single On-world Clan Control
 
| Single On-world Clan Control
 
| [[Aslan]]
 
| [[Aslan]]
|- valign="top"
+
|-
 
| K
 
| K
 
| Single Multi-world Clan Control
 
| Single Multi-world Clan Control
 
| [[Aslan]]
 
| [[Aslan]]
|- valign="top"
+
|-
 
| L
 
| L
 
| Major Clan Control
 
| Major Clan Control
 
| [[Aslan]]
 
| [[Aslan]]
|- valign="top"
+
|-
 
| M
 
| M
 
| Vassal Clan Control
 
| Vassal Clan Control
 
| [[Aslan]]
 
| [[Aslan]]
|- valign="top"
+
|-
 
| N
 
| N
 
| Major Vassal Clan Control
 
| Major Vassal Clan Control
 
| [[Aslan]]
 
| [[Aslan]]
|- valign="top"
+
|-
 
| P
 
| P
 
| Small Station or Facility
 
| Small Station or Facility
 
| [[K'kree]]
 
| [[K'kree]]
|- valign="top"
+
|-
 
| Q
 
| Q
 
| Krurruna or Krumanak Rule for Off-world Steppelord
 
| Krurruna or Krumanak Rule for Off-world Steppelord
 
| [[K'kree]]
 
| [[K'kree]]
|- valign="top"
+
|-
 
| R
 
| R
 
| Steppelord On-world Rule
 
| Steppelord On-world Rule
 
| [[K'kree]]
 
| [[K'kree]]
|- valign="top"
+
|-
 
| S
 
| S
 
| Sept
 
| Sept
 
| [[Hiver]]
 
| [[Hiver]]
|- valign="top"
+
|-
 
| T
 
| T
 
| Unsupervised Anarchy
 
| Unsupervised Anarchy
 
| [[Hiver]]
 
| [[Hiver]]
|- valign="top"
+
|-
 
| U
 
| U
 
| Supervised Anarchy
 
| Supervised Anarchy
 
| [[Hiver]]
 
| [[Hiver]]
|- valign="top"
+
|-
 
| W
 
| W
 
| Committee
 
| Committee
 
| [[Hiver]]
 
| [[Hiver]]
|- valign="top"
+
|-
 
| X
 
| X
 
| Droyne Hierarchy
 
| Droyne Hierarchy
 
| [[Droyne]]
 
| [[Droyne]]
 +
|-
 
|}
 
|}
  
==== Era: The New Era UWP Extensions ====
+
==== Era: The New Era UWP extensions ====
 
Standard Government 0 thru F were kept, but the following were introduced in [[The New Era]] to reflect the changed nature of [[Charted Space]]. UWP catalogs contain the following additional codes:
 
Standard Government 0 thru F were kept, but the following were introduced in [[The New Era]] to reflect the changed nature of [[Charted Space]]. UWP catalogs contain the following additional codes:
 
   
 
   
:{| class="wikitable sortable" width="90%"
+
{| class="wikitable sortable"
|+New Era Government Codes
+
|-
 +
!colspan="4"| New Era Government Codes & Descriptions
 +
|-
 
! Code
 
! Code
 
! Name
 
! Name
! Power Structure
 
! Size
 
 
! Description
 
! Description
|- valign="top"
+
! Power Source / Structure
 +
|-
 
| M  
 
| M  
 
| [[Military Dictatorship]]   
 
| [[Military Dictatorship]]   
| (Autocratic Junta)
 
| Subplanetary (Very Small) to Planetary (Small)
 
 
| Government by the military (armed forces) as an interim survival measure or result of a "Coup".
 
| Government by the military (armed forces) as an interim survival measure or result of a "Coup".
|- valign="top"
+
| Oligarchy / Unitary State
 +
|-
 
| Q  
 
| Q  
 
| Interim Government  
 
| Interim Government  
| (Temporary Chaos)
 
| Planetary (Small)
 
 
| The world is ruled by a temporary government (...which may have been in power for some time).
 
| The world is ruled by a temporary government (...which may have been in power for some time).
|- valign="top"
+
| Oligarchy or Autocracy / Unitary State
 +
|-
 
| S  
 
| S  
 
| Slave World  
 
| Slave World  
| (Vassal State)
 
| Planetary (Small)
 
 
| The world’s government is ineffectual or non-existent (i.e. ''not'' sovereign). The populace survives by offering tribute or slaves to an outside power (often Vampire ships) which does not care to rule the world directly.
 
| The world’s government is ineffectual or non-existent (i.e. ''not'' sovereign). The populace survives by offering tribute or slaves to an outside power (often Vampire ships) which does not care to rule the world directly.
|- valign="top"
+
| Anarchy / Democracy
 +
|-
 
| T  
 
| T  
| [[T.E.D.]]  
+
| [[Technologically Elevated Dictator]]
| ([[Technological Autocracy]])
+
| A leader or small group holds power through the use of relic technology. T.E.D.s are sometimes referred to as "(Autocratic) Technocracies".
| Planetary (Small)
+
| Autocracy / Unitary State
| T.E.D.: (Technologically Elevated Dictator). A leader or small group holds power through the use of relic technology. T.E.D.s are sometimes refered to as "(Autocratic) Technocracies".
+
|-
|- valign="top"
 
 
|V  
 
|V  
 
| [[Viral Hell Polity]]
 
| [[Viral Hell Polity]]
| (Virus Vassal State)
+
|The world is run by malevolent "Viral Entities", ether openly or through a ''Quisling'' (manipulated) government.
| Planetary (Small) to Multi-system (Very Large)
+
| Anarchy / Democracy
| The world is run by malevolent "Viral Entities", ether openly or through a ''Quisling'' (manipulated) government.
+
|-
 
|}
 
|}
  
==== Era: The New Era UWP Additions ====
+
==== Era: Fourth Imperium extensions ====
Additional Codes were introduced for specific regions.  The same code (N) is used in two different regions to represent two different government types. In at least one case (M), the regional code conflicts with the general government code:
+
Additional Codes were introduced for specific regions during the Fourth Imperim era.  The same code (N) is used in two different regions to represent two different government types.  
  
[[Spinward States]] can be found in the [[Spinward Marches Sector|Spinward Marches]], [[Trojan Reach Sector|Trojan Reach]], [[Deneb Sector|Deneb]], or [[Reft Sector]]s.
+
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 
+
|-
:{| class="wikitable sortable" width="90%"
+
!colspan="4"| New Era Government Codes & Descriptions
|+New Era Government Codes
+
|-
 
! Code
 
! Code
! Region
 
 
! Name
 
! Name
! Power Structure
 
! Size
 
 
! Description
 
! Description
|- valign="top"
+
! Power Source / Structure
|G
+
|-
| Spinward State
+
| N
| Small Station Holding
 
| (Non-sovereign Entity)
 
| Subplanetary (Tiny)
 
| Non-sovereign Aslan goverment type.
 
|- valign="top"
 
|H
 
| Spinward State
 
| Split Clan (Balkanized)
 
| (Balkanized World)
 
| Subplanetary (Very Small)
 
| Semi-sovereign Aslan goverment type.
 
|- valign="top"
 
|J
 
| Spinward State
 
| Single World Clan
 
| (Federalized Unitary State)
 
| Planetary (Small)
 
| Sovereign Aslan goverment type.
 
|- valign="top"
 
|K
 
| Spinward State
 
| Multi-world Clan
 
| (Confederation)
 
| Multi-system (Large)
 
| Sovereign Aslan goverment type.
 
|- valign="top"
 
|L
 
| Spinward State
 
| Major Multi-world Clan
 
| (Confederation)
 
| Multi-system (Very Large)
 
| Sovereign Aslan goverment type.
 
|- valign="top"
 
|M
 
| Spinward State
 
| Vassal Clan
 
| (Vassal State)
 
| Multi-system (Large)
 
| Semi-sovereign Aslan goverment type.
 
|- valign="top"
 
|N
 
| Spinward State
 
| Major (Multi-world) Vassal Clan
 
| (Vassal State)
 
| Multi-system (Very Large)
 
| Semi-sovereign Aslan goverment type.
 
|- valign="top"
 
|N
 
| [[Fourth Imperium]]
 
 
| Noble House
 
| Noble House
| (Feudal Confederation) to (Empire: Absolute Monarchy)
 
| Planetary (Small) to Multi-system (Large)
 
 
| Sovereign government type dominated by Humans. Noble Houses rule Imperial worlds directly. The 'ruling' noble may be an absolute leader or the head of state for a civil government.
 
| Sovereign government type dominated by Humans. Noble Houses rule Imperial worlds directly. The 'ruling' noble may be an absolute leader or the head of state for a civil government.
 +
| Autocracy / Unified State
 
|}
 
|}
  
''Note:'' [[Fourth Imperium]] Nobility may consist of [[sophont]]s other than the races of [[Humaniti]]. [[Aslan]], [[Vargr]], [[Bwaps]], and many other species of [[sophont]]s have served under the [[Fourth Imperium]] as Nobles.
+
== Organization of a Government ==
 +
Governments are defined by two fundamental principles; The structure of the relationship between different parts of the governed bodies and where do they derive their power to rule.
 +
 
 +
Every government has three essential functions:
 +
 
 +
'''Legislative''' creates laws and sets policy. The job of the legislature is determining what government is going to do. This would include creating all the laws governing people, setting the tax rates and budgets, and so on.
 +
 
 +
'''Executive''' executes the policy and enforces the laws. It collects the taxes, spends the money according to the directives of the legislative process. The head of the executive also serves as head of state.
 +
 
 +
'''Judicial''' interprets the laws to ensure they are followed correctly by both the government and the people. When laws are broken, the judicial process determines which laws were violated and appropriate punishments.
 +
 
 +
How these functions are separated or combined defines governmental operation.
 +
 
 +
=== Power Structures ===
 +
There are four primary power structure types most commonly found with the governments of [[Charted Space]]:
 +
; Anarchy
 +
: A society without a publicly enforced government or political authority, there is no state, or other centralized authority. Usually found as a consequence of the failure of another government and exists for a short time in these circumstances. It has been presented as a political philosophy advocating self-governed societies based on non-hierarchical, voluntary associations where people help each other. Stable anarchy attempts to avoid the use of coercion, violence, or force to achieve a stable and productive society.
 +
: Also known as a stateless society. What positions of authority exist are generally extremely-limited in power and scope, instead relying on widely-disparate economic and cultural organizational practices.
 +
; Confederation
 +
: A group of independent and sovereign states, worlds, or systems united for specific purposes including mutual defense, economic or trade ties, or cultural or racial solidarity. Created by a treaty or collection of treaties, the confederation government serves the needs of the member states.
 +
; Federation
 +
: Group of states, worlds, or systems, each internally independent, joined into a union to which has surrendered certain rights and responsibilities, most generally to do with foreign affairs. There is a centralized government to determine policy within the sphere of granted authorities. The division of power between the states and the central government is formally constituted and may only be altered by agreement of all.
 +
; Unitary State
 +
: A unitary state is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme. There is a single overall government for all people and territory with strong policies. Any administrative divisions exist only as directed by the central government.
 +
 
 +
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|-
 +
!colspan="7"| Comparative Government Power Structures
 +
|-
 +
! System
 +
! Centralization (Structure)
 +
! Strengths
 +
! Weaknesses
 +
|-
 +
| [[Anarchy]]      
 +
|| Very low or None
 +
|| Gives no one significant control
 +
|| Sets insignificant or no policy
 +
|-
 +
| [[Confederation]]
 +
|| Low     
 +
|| Gives local or state governments almost complete control           
 +
|| Sets almost no significant uniform policies
 +
|-
 +
| [[Federation]]   
 +
|| Medium   
 +
|| Shared powers between local governments and central government             
 +
|| Sacrifices uniformity on some issues
 +
|-
 +
| [[Unitary State]]
 +
|| High     
 +
|| Central government sets uniform policies that direct the entire state       
 +
|| Disregards local/planetary differences
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
=== Source of power ===
 +
The source of power for a government is who ultimately makes the decisions about laws and policies. There are three broad groups for this source of decisions.
 +
; Autocracy
 +
: A system of government where supreme power is concentrated to a single person or polity. The decision of this person or group are not subjected to legal restraints as the group defines the law.
 +
; Democracy
 +
: Democracy, meaning "rule of the people", is a system of government where  citizens exercise power directly or elect representatives from among themselves to form a governing body. The citizens resolve conflicts and determine laws and leadership by voting. 
 +
;Oligarchy
 +
: Oligarchy, meaning "rule of the few", is a form of power structure in which power rests with a small number of people. Like the autocracy the group decides and defines the laws without constraints.
 +
 
 +
=== Examples===
 +
How one of the three sources of power uses the structure of powers to construct a function government results in many different governments. Here are some examples of known governments throughout the history and scope of the Third Imperium. This is not a comprehensive list.
 +
 
 +
; Anarchy states
 +
: No one in control without other social mechanisms to encourage order.
 +
:* Barbarism
 +
:* Chaos, or lack of government
 +
:* Pantocracy: Government by Everyone
 +
:* Adhocracy (Informal organization of specialized teams to address problems)
 +
:* Sociocracy (Use of consent and discussion for decision making and organization)
 +
; Autocratic states
 +
:* Autocracy (Supreme power is concentrated in the hands of one person)
 +
:* Constitutional Tyranny (An absolute ruler enabled by law or constitution)
 +
:* Despotism (A single entity rules with absolute power)
 +
:* Dictatorship (Political authority is monopolized by a single person or political entity)
 +
:* Fascism (A form of radical authoritarian nationalism)
 +
:* Monarchy (A single monarch form the whole of the government)
 +
:* Totalitarianism (The state holds total authority over the society and seeks to control all aspects of public and private life wherever possible)
 +
; Oligarcical States
 +
:* Aristocracy (Rule by a small, privileged ruling class)
 +
:* Diarohy (Shared rule by two people or groups)
 +
:* Feudalism (Rule by the land owners in a structured hierarchy)
 +
:* Kritarchy (Rule by judges and the judicial system)
 +
:* Military Junta (Rule by high ranking military leaders)
 +
:* Plutocracy (Rule by the wealthy)
 +
:* Stratocracy (Rule by the military)
 +
:* Technocracy (Government ruled by experts in the fields of the problems)
 +
:* Technologically Elevated Dictator (One group enforces rule through superior technology)
 +
:* Theocracy (Rule by religious organization through the high priests)
 +
:* Timocracy (Rule by landowners or those able to produce wealth)
 +
:* Triumvirate (Rule by three rulers or groups
 +
 
 +
; Democratic States
 +
: Government by large groups of Sophonts
 +
:* Democratic Republic (People elect representatives)
 +
:* Direct Democracy or Pure Democracy (A form of democracy in which people decide policy directly)
 +
:* Electronic Democracy or Internet Democracy or E-Democracy (A form of democracy that uses advanced communications technology to encourage direct policy decisions from a populace)
 +
:* Limited Monarchy (Parliamentary Democracy)
 +
:* Ochlocracy (Mob rule through intimidation of other groups)
 +
:* Polyarchy
 +
:* Representative Democracy or Indirect Democracy (A variety of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people)
 +
:* Stochocracy (Selection of elected official by lot or lottery)
 +
 
 +
== See also ==
 +
{{:Referral-Tree-Culture-Art-Practices}}
 +
{{Referral-Tree-Sophontology}}
 +
{{Referral-Tree-Third-Imperium}}
 +
{{Referral-Tree-U-Universal-World-Profile}}
 +
====Other====
 +
Please refer to the following [[AAB]] [[Library Data]] for more information: <br>
 +
* [[Government|Government Power Structures]]
 +
** [[Anarchy]]
 +
** [[Confederation]]
 +
** [[Empire]]
 +
** [[Federation]]
 +
** [[Hegemony]]
 +
** [[Unitary State]]
 +
* Social Structures
 +
** [[Civilization]]
 +
** [[Government]]
 +
** [[Polity]]
 +
** [[Society]]
  
 
== References & Contributors ([[Sources]]) ==
 
== References & Contributors ([[Sources]]) ==
 
{{Advanced}}
 
{{Advanced}}
 
{{Sources
 
{{Sources
|S1= {{Ludography cite|name= Library Data (A-M) |page=TBD}} (CT Supplement 8)
+
|S1= {{Ludography cite|name= Library Data (A-M) |page=}}
|S2= {{Ludography cite|name= The Traveller Book |page=TBD}}
+
|S2= {{Ludography cite|name= The Traveller Book |page=}}
|S3= {{Ludography cite|name= Scouts |page=TBD}}  
+
|S3= {{Ludography cite|name= Scouts |page=}}  
 
|S4= {{Ludography cite|name= Aslan |page= TBD |version=Classic Traveller}}  
 
|S4= {{Ludography cite|name= Aslan |page= TBD |version=Classic Traveller}}  
 
|S5= {{Ludography cite|name= K'kree |page= TBD |version=Classic Traveller}}  
 
|S5= {{Ludography cite|name= K'kree |page= TBD |version=Classic Traveller}}  
 
|S6= {{Ludography cite|name= Droyne |page= TBD |version=Classic Traveller}}  
 
|S6= {{Ludography cite|name= Droyne |page= TBD |version=Classic Traveller}}  
|S7= {{Ludography cite|name= Imperial Encyclopedia |page=TBD}}
+
|S7= {{Ludography cite|name= Imperial Encyclopedia |page=}}
|S8= {{Ludography cite|name= Referee's Manual |page=TBD}}
+
|S8= {{Ludography cite|name= Referee's Manual |page=}}
|S9= {{Ludography cite|name= Traveller: The New Era |page=TBD}} (Main Rulebook: pg. 191)
+
|S9= {{Ludography cite|name= Traveller: The New Era |page=191}}
|S10= {{Ludography cite|name= Traveller Chronicle 5 |page=TBD}} 'House Rules'
+
|S10= {{Ludography cite|name= Traveller Chronicle 05 |page=— |article= House Rules}}
|S11= {{Ludography cite|name= 101 Governments |page=TBD}}
+
|S11= {{Ludography cite|name= 101 Governments |page=}}
|S12= {{Ludography cite|name= Out Of The Darkness |page=TBD}}
+
|S12= {{Ludography cite|name= Out Of The Darkness |page=}}
|S13= {{Ludography cite|name= Bearers of the Flame |page=TBD}}
+
|S13= {{Ludography cite|name= Bearers of the Flame |page=}}
|S14= {{Ludography cite|name= Spinward States |page=TBD}}
+
|S14= {{Ludography cite|name= The Spinward States |page=}}
|S15= {{Ludography cite|name= Powers and Principalities |page=TBD}}
+
|S15= {{Ludography cite|name= Powers and Principalities |page=}}
 
|S16= [[Traveller Wiki Editorial Team]]
 
|S16= [[Traveller Wiki Editorial Team]]
 
|S17= Author & Contributor: [[Nathan Brazil]]
 
|S17= Author & Contributor: [[Nathan Brazil]]
 
|S18= Author & Contributor: [[Adrian Tymes]]
 
|S18= Author & Contributor: [[Adrian Tymes]]
|S19= Author & Contributor: Lord and Master of Sophontology (Marquis) [[Maksim-Smelchak]] of the [[Ministry of Science]]
+
|S19= Contributor: Lord and Master of Sophontology (Marquis) [[Maksim-Smelchak]] of the [[Ministry of Science]]
 
}}
 
}}
  
  
 
{{LEN|Government|Polity|Science}}
 
{{LEN|Government|Polity|Science}}

Revision as of 14:42, 20 September 2020

Imperial-Sunburst-Sun-Navy-wiki.png

Government is the method by which a subplanetary (...smaller than a world), planetary (world), or interstellar (multi-system) state or community, governs. itself. Standard Universal World Profile codes exist to explain most of the most common government types.

Description (Specifications)

The government codes used in the Universal World Profile describe generalizations of the many types and forms of possible governments. In the original form the code was to describe the workings of the government at the level of interaction with an outsider. By providing an overview of how the laws are made and processed by the local populace informs the outsider what to expect. If the current laws and policies are not to the liking, how difficult are these to change.

General Government Codes & Descriptions

Worlds inhabited by Humaniti or non-Human Sophonts similar to Humaniti are generally classified with the following codes:

General Government Codes & Descriptions
Symbol Code Name Description Power Source / Sructure
Gov-Code-0 Fan-Andy-Bigwood 13-Nov-2019.png 0 No Government Structure In many cases, tribal, clan or family bonds predominate Democracy / Anarchy or Confederation
Gov-Code-1 Fan-Andy-Bigwood 13-Nov-2019.png 1 Company/Corporation Government by a company managerial elite, citizens are company employees. Oligarchy / Unitary State
Gov-Code-2 Fan-Andy-Bigwood 13-Nov-2019.png 2 Participating Democracy Government by advice and consent of the citizen. Democracy / Confederation or Federation
Gov-Code-3 Fan-Andy-Bigwood 13-Nov-2019.png 3 Self-perpetuating Oligarchy Government by a restricted minority, with little or no input from the masses. Oligarchy / Unitary State
Gov-Code-4 Fan-Andy-Bigwood 13-Nov-2019.png 4 Representative Democracy Government by elected representatives. Democracy / Federation or Unitary State
Gov-Code-5 Fan-Andy-Bigwood 13-Nov-2019.png 5 Feudal Technocracy Government by specific individuals for those who agree to be ruled. Relationships are based on the performance of technical activities which are mutually-beneficial. Oligarchy / Federation or Unitary State
Gov-Code-6 Fan-Andy-Bigwood 13-Nov-2019.png 6 Captive Government/Colony Government by a leadership answerable to an outside group, a colony or conquered area. Autocracy / Federation
Gov-Code-7 Fan-Andy-Bigwood 13-Nov-2019.png 7 Balkanization No central ruling authority exists. Rival governments compete for control. Anarchy / Confederation
Gov-Code-8 Fan-Andy-Bigwood 13-Nov-2019.png 8 Civil Service Bureaucracy Government by agencies employing individuals selected for their expertise. Oligarchy / Unitary State
Gov-Code-9 Fan-Andy-Bigwood 13-Nov-2019.png 9 Impersonal Bureaucracy Government by agencies which are insulated from the governed. Oligarchy / Unitary State
Gov-Code-A Fan-Andy-Bigwood 13-Nov-2019.png A (10) Charismatic Dictator Government by a single leader enjoying the confidence of the citizens. Autocracy / Unitary State
Gov-Code-B Fan-Andy-Bigwood 13-Nov-2019.png B (11) Non-Charismatic Leader A previous charismatic dictator has been replaced by a leader through normal channels. Autocracy / Unitary State
Gov-Code-C Fan-Andy-Bigwood 13-Nov-2019.png C (12) Charismatic Oligarchy Government by a select group, organization, or class enjoying overwhelming confidence of the citizenry. Oligarchy / Unitary State
Gov-Code-D Fan-Andy-Bigwood 13-Nov-2019.png D (13) Religious Dictatorship Government by a religious minority which has little regard for the needs of the citizenry. Autocracy / Unitary State
Gov-Code-E Fan-Andy-Bigwood 13-Nov-2019.png E (14) Religious Autocracy Government by a single religious leader having absolute power over the citizenry. Autocracy / Unitary State
Gov-Code-F Fan-Andy-Bigwood 13-Nov-2019.png F (15) Totalitarian Oligarchy Government by an all-powerful minority which maintains absolute control through widespread coercion and oppression Oligarchy / Unitary State

Code 7 Balkanization: Balkanization is a special result which indicates that there is no world government; instead several rival territorial governments exist. In such cases, the specific qualities of each territory on the planet should be separately listed.

Code 6 Captive Government / Colony (Subordinate Government) & Codes (0, 1, 2 & 3): Subordinate Government are non-sovereign (...or semi-sovereign) governments on other planets within a system. These governments are usually code 0,1,2,3 or 6.

Governments outside of the Third Imperium

Certain non-human sophonts use governments that do not cleanly map to human standards. They can be likened to human governments, but differ in fine details important to them. These details are also often important to human travellers to these worlds, at least as much as the differences between human governments matter. The clearest difference is between the Hiver Supervised Anarchy (where the Hiver Federation observers are often effectively the people in charge, even if they act indirectly) and Unsupervised Anarchy (where this is not the case, instead being truly ruled by individual nests, with the result somewhere between codes 0 and 7 - between what a human world would term an anarchy or a balkanized government).

Worlds in other empires

Vargr worlds do not use these government codes, as they have the same range of governments that humans have. It is also worth pointing out, to certain less educated Imperial travellers, that the Solomani Confederation and Zhodani Consulate do not have alien government codes because they are not alien: they are human, for all their cultural differences.

Alien Government Codes & Descriptions
Code Name Race
G Small Station or Facility Aslan
H Split Clan Control Aslan
J Single On-world Clan Control Aslan
K Single Multi-world Clan Control Aslan
L Major Clan Control Aslan
M Vassal Clan Control Aslan
N Major Vassal Clan Control Aslan
P Small Station or Facility K'kree
Q Krurruna or Krumanak Rule for Off-world Steppelord K'kree
R Steppelord On-world Rule K'kree
S Sept Hiver
T Unsupervised Anarchy Hiver
U Supervised Anarchy Hiver
W Committee Hiver
X Droyne Hierarchy Droyne

Era: The New Era UWP extensions

Standard Government 0 thru F were kept, but the following were introduced in The New Era to reflect the changed nature of Charted Space. UWP catalogs contain the following additional codes:

New Era Government Codes & Descriptions
Code Name Description Power Source / Structure
M Military Dictatorship Government by the military (armed forces) as an interim survival measure or result of a "Coup". Oligarchy / Unitary State
Q Interim Government The world is ruled by a temporary government (...which may have been in power for some time). Oligarchy or Autocracy / Unitary State
S Slave World The world’s government is ineffectual or non-existent (i.e. not sovereign). The populace survives by offering tribute or slaves to an outside power (often Vampire ships) which does not care to rule the world directly. Anarchy / Democracy
T Technologically Elevated Dictator A leader or small group holds power through the use of relic technology. T.E.D.s are sometimes referred to as "(Autocratic) Technocracies". Autocracy / Unitary State
V Viral Hell Polity The world is run by malevolent "Viral Entities", ether openly or through a Quisling (manipulated) government. Anarchy / Democracy

Era: Fourth Imperium extensions

Additional Codes were introduced for specific regions during the Fourth Imperim era. The same code (N) is used in two different regions to represent two different government types.

New Era Government Codes & Descriptions
Code Name Description Power Source / Structure
N Noble House Sovereign government type dominated by Humans. Noble Houses rule Imperial worlds directly. The 'ruling' noble may be an absolute leader or the head of state for a civil government. Autocracy / Unified State

Organization of a Government

Governments are defined by two fundamental principles; The structure of the relationship between different parts of the governed bodies and where do they derive their power to rule.

Every government has three essential functions:

Legislative creates laws and sets policy. The job of the legislature is determining what government is going to do. This would include creating all the laws governing people, setting the tax rates and budgets, and so on.

Executive executes the policy and enforces the laws. It collects the taxes, spends the money according to the directives of the legislative process. The head of the executive also serves as head of state.

Judicial interprets the laws to ensure they are followed correctly by both the government and the people. When laws are broken, the judicial process determines which laws were violated and appropriate punishments.

How these functions are separated or combined defines governmental operation.

Power Structures

There are four primary power structure types most commonly found with the governments of Charted Space:

Anarchy
A society without a publicly enforced government or political authority, there is no state, or other centralized authority. Usually found as a consequence of the failure of another government and exists for a short time in these circumstances. It has been presented as a political philosophy advocating self-governed societies based on non-hierarchical, voluntary associations where people help each other. Stable anarchy attempts to avoid the use of coercion, violence, or force to achieve a stable and productive society.
Also known as a stateless society. What positions of authority exist are generally extremely-limited in power and scope, instead relying on widely-disparate economic and cultural organizational practices.
Confederation
A group of independent and sovereign states, worlds, or systems united for specific purposes including mutual defense, economic or trade ties, or cultural or racial solidarity. Created by a treaty or collection of treaties, the confederation government serves the needs of the member states.
Federation
Group of states, worlds, or systems, each internally independent, joined into a union to which has surrendered certain rights and responsibilities, most generally to do with foreign affairs. There is a centralized government to determine policy within the sphere of granted authorities. The division of power between the states and the central government is formally constituted and may only be altered by agreement of all.
Unitary State
A unitary state is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme. There is a single overall government for all people and territory with strong policies. Any administrative divisions exist only as directed by the central government.
Comparative Government Power Structures
System Centralization (Structure) Strengths Weaknesses
Anarchy Very low or None Gives no one significant control Sets insignificant or no policy
Confederation Low Gives local or state governments almost complete control Sets almost no significant uniform policies
Federation Medium Shared powers between local governments and central government Sacrifices uniformity on some issues
Unitary State High Central government sets uniform policies that direct the entire state Disregards local/planetary differences

Source of power

The source of power for a government is who ultimately makes the decisions about laws and policies. There are three broad groups for this source of decisions.

Autocracy
A system of government where supreme power is concentrated to a single person or polity. The decision of this person or group are not subjected to legal restraints as the group defines the law.
Democracy
Democracy, meaning "rule of the people", is a system of government where citizens exercise power directly or elect representatives from among themselves to form a governing body. The citizens resolve conflicts and determine laws and leadership by voting.
Oligarchy
Oligarchy, meaning "rule of the few", is a form of power structure in which power rests with a small number of people. Like the autocracy the group decides and defines the laws without constraints.

Examples

How one of the three sources of power uses the structure of powers to construct a function government results in many different governments. Here are some examples of known governments throughout the history and scope of the Third Imperium. This is not a comprehensive list.

Anarchy states
No one in control without other social mechanisms to encourage order.
  • Barbarism
  • Chaos, or lack of government
  • Pantocracy: Government by Everyone
  • Adhocracy (Informal organization of specialized teams to address problems)
  • Sociocracy (Use of consent and discussion for decision making and organization)
Autocratic states
  • Autocracy (Supreme power is concentrated in the hands of one person)
  • Constitutional Tyranny (An absolute ruler enabled by law or constitution)
  • Despotism (A single entity rules with absolute power)
  • Dictatorship (Political authority is monopolized by a single person or political entity)
  • Fascism (A form of radical authoritarian nationalism)
  • Monarchy (A single monarch form the whole of the government)
  • Totalitarianism (The state holds total authority over the society and seeks to control all aspects of public and private life wherever possible)
Oligarcical States
  • Aristocracy (Rule by a small, privileged ruling class)
  • Diarohy (Shared rule by two people or groups)
  • Feudalism (Rule by the land owners in a structured hierarchy)
  • Kritarchy (Rule by judges and the judicial system)
  • Military Junta (Rule by high ranking military leaders)
  • Plutocracy (Rule by the wealthy)
  • Stratocracy (Rule by the military)
  • Technocracy (Government ruled by experts in the fields of the problems)
  • Technologically Elevated Dictator (One group enforces rule through superior technology)
  • Theocracy (Rule by religious organization through the high priests)
  • Timocracy (Rule by landowners or those able to produce wealth)
  • Triumvirate (Rule by three rulers or groups
Democratic States
Government by large groups of Sophonts
  • Democratic Republic (People elect representatives)
  • Direct Democracy or Pure Democracy (A form of democracy in which people decide policy directly)
  • Electronic Democracy or Internet Democracy or E-Democracy (A form of democracy that uses advanced communications technology to encourage direct policy decisions from a populace)
  • Limited Monarchy (Parliamentary Democracy)
  • Ochlocracy (Mob rule through intimidation of other groups)
  • Polyarchy
  • Representative Democracy or Indirect Democracy (A variety of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people)
  • Stochocracy (Selection of elected official by lot or lottery)

See also

Artistic Practices

Sophontology

Third Imperium

Universal world profile

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Other

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References & Contributors (Sources)

This list of sources was used by the Traveller Wiki Editorial Team and individual contributors to compose this article. Copyrighted material is used under license from Far Future Enterprises or by permission of the author. The page history lists all of the contributions.