Equipment classification: C - Cables and Surface Gear
Goods/Climbing gear covers equipment specifically for working in mountain environments, where there are no established trails. These items are recommended when traveling outside of civilized locales.
Crampons are a traction device attached to footwear to improve mobility on snow and ice during ice climbing and secure travel on snow and ice, such as crossing glaciers, snowfields and icefields, ascending snow slopes, and scaling ice-covered rock.
There are three main attachment systems for footwear: step-in, hybrid, and strap bindings. The first two require boots with welts, as a tension lever attaches the crampon to the heel. The last type (strap bindings) are more versatile and can adapt to virtually any boot or shoe, but often do not fit as precisely as the other two types.
|This page uses content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Crampon. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. The text of Wikipedia is available under the Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.|
A grapnel, or a grappling hook, consists of three or more flukes attached to the end of a rope. Many examples have folding flukes for ease of transport. A grapnel is generally used for attempting climbs up sheer pitches. A grapnel may be secured in place to allow a descent.
Grapnels may be thrown into wreckage or debris to spread it out or drag items clear.
Maximum range to throw a grapnel is about 30 meters. Seven separate climbs would complete a 200-meter pitch (planting the grapnel on a ledge or projection, climbing to it, then repeating).
Grapnel climbing bypasses the procedure of sending up a lead climber; each climb is equivalent to a regular climb up the emplaced ropes.
A mechanical hoist is used to haul heavy weights (supplies, people, etc.) up walls and steep slopes. Hoists of this type rely on people to furnish the lift. A mechanical hoist can be built to almost any specifications, and the size of the load is limited only by the breaking point of the rope.
This hoist is a battery-powered motor which drives a reel with 25 meters of cable. It has a hook on one side for attachment to a belt or harness and another hook on the opposite side for the cable. A rocker switch in the handle controls direction and an adjustable clutch controls speed; the reel can also freewheel. Power lasts for about one hour before the batteries need replacing. A hand brake can lock the cable in position and a centrifugal brake keeps the cable from unwinding too rapidly
An ice axe or climbing axe is a light weight tool used to assist in climbing. The head is smaller and more pointed, backed by either a hammer head or an awl. The haft usually has attachment points for rope and other climbing gear. It is used to make steps or hand holds in rock and, more frequently, ice.
The Jumar Hoist or Handled Eccentric Cam Ascender is a personal hoist which makes roped ascents and descents much easier to undertake. Jumars do nothing to increase speed; they merely make the climb easier.
The jumar consists of a handle attached to a hook that goes around a rope with a cam to allow the handle to slide one way on the rope but not the other. A climber uses two on a rope, sliding one, then the other, up the rope to ascend. This also works for moving along a cable in Zero-G or microgravity.
|This page uses content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Ascender_(climbing). The list of authors can be seen in the page history. The text of Wikipedia is available under the Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.|
Pitons are metal spikes fitted with a ring at one end with (to pass a rope through), which are used in mountain climbing as a hold. Several specific types are available. The simplest TL–4 pitons are soft iron spikes driven into rock. An advanced TL–7 version, is of similar design but uses superior alloys. At TL–8, pitons have a radical design: they are not driven into rock at all, but use a quick-setting superglue to attach themselves to rock faces. Once set, they cannot be removed without using special solvents; however, use of these pitons' doubles ascent speeds. The solvent weighs 0.5kg (500 applications) and costs Cr20.
The ultimate in pitons, the sophisticated devices at TL–10 include a small battery pack and a powerful heating element in the tip. When activated, a sudden white-hot burst of heat helps set the piton with a minimum of effort (just steady pressure by the climber). This will also set pitons in soft iron, armor, steel, and crystaliron as well as stone and cement.
The rappel kit consists of a 50-meter length of cable capable of supporting up to 200kg wound on a spool attached to a light-weigh harness. The cord is attached to a solid point with a piton or hook. The user can then descend the line at any speed desired.
As an option a motor and battery can be attached to the spool allowing a powered descent or ascent at up to 40 meters per minute. The battery lasts for two full ascents before requiring a recharge.
Rock Shoes are a lightweight, sturdy pair of shoes specifically designed for stability, these are very useful to lead climbers ascending walls and steep slopes where toe holds must be constantly sought. There is a pair included in the Mountaineer's Kit.
Rope is the single most important element of a climber’s equipment; it can be used to bind prisoners; it can add safety to water or ravine crossings. A variety of types and sizes are available. They are all similar in reliability and price within any given tech level.
Rope suitable for climbing comes in lengths of 50 meters and has a diameter of 10mm. It can typically support a weight of 900 kg.
At TL–1 to TL–5, rope is usually of constructed from organic fibers. At TL–6+, it is manufactured from some form of synthetic fiber. At TL–8+, rope can be made strong enough to climb, but too fine for hands to get a grip. Such rope has half the normal mass but requires special tools to climb or descend from. It may have special properties such as increased stretch, fire resistance, conductivity, or insulation, etc.
10 Climbing gear items
|Climbing Boot||Climbing gear||3||3 liters||1.5 kg||Cr50|
|Crampon||Personal mobility||4||250 gm||Cr20|
|Grapnel||Climbing gear||2||4 liters||2 kg||Cr15|
|Hoist||Climbing gear||8||0.5 liters||1.5kg||Cr175|
|Ice axe||Tool||3||3 liters||1.5 kg||Cr25|
|Jumar Hoist||Climbing gear||6||2.0 liters||1.0 kg||Cr50|
|Piton||Climbing gear||4||0.1 liters||0.3 kg||Cr5|
|Rappel kit||Climbing gear||7||5 liters||8 kg||Cr 250|
|Rock Shoes||Climbing gear||4||0.5 liter||0.5 kg||Cr10|
|Rope||Survival gear||4||5 liters||3kg||Cr20|