Ral Ranta (language)

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Ral Ranta is a language with a distant past connection to Solomani dialects. It is spoken within the Ral Ranta Empire and in some adjoining systems.

Description (Specifications)[edit]

Ral Ranta is a very guttural, abrupt, and physical language. The written version is a form of cuneiform, supposed by linguists to be from speakers using daggers, and edged weapons to write it in the distant past.

Structure[edit]

No information yet available.

Morphology[edit]

Morphology is the study of the internal structure of words.

  • morpheme, inflection, paradigm, declension, derivation, compound, etc.

Phonology[edit]

Phonology, the study of the sound systems of a language.

  • phoneme, allophone, segment, mora, syllable, foot, stress, tone, etc.

Grammar[edit]

Grammar is the structure of a language.

  • Ral Ranta uses male and female nouns, and other words where gender is involved. Neuter cases defer to male.
    • Examples:
      • English: You. Ral Rantan: (male) Sin (female) Siz
      • English: I / me. Ral Rantan: (male) män (female) mäz
      • English: His / hers / its. Ral Rantan: (male) onun (female) onuz (neuter = its) onun
      • English: Him / her. Ral Rantan: (male) ona (female) oza
  • Ral Rantan is also primarily a face to face language. It can be used written or in communications via things like radio but it loses some of its meaning when it is if the person communicating does not add in additional terms to explain their thoughts.
  • The subject of a sentence or conversation is usually implied rather than specifically put into speech.
  • Plural and singular are implied when it should be obvious to the listener.
  • Threats are commonly put in to show the degree of emphasis the speaker means or intends. That is, if you told someone to do something you would include a threat to show your emphasis.
    • Example: The phrase in English “Get to work!” The parenthetical items are implied not spoken In English: Ral Rantan:
      • (Do your) work or else! Isk vä daha! Mild emphasis
      • (Do your) work or (get) beaten! Isk vä döymäk! Some emphasis
      • (Do your) work or die! Isk vä ölüm! Emphatic
    • In English these might be said as:
      • Get to work!
      • Get to work now!
      • Get to work or you’re fired!
  • Another common usage of emphasis is to repeat the word.
    • Example:
      • Yeni = Fresh Yeni yeni! = Very fresh, the freshest.
  • Verbs are optional in speech when they can be inferred or implied by the speaker and understood that way by the listener. There is no need for a noun - verb agreement in most speech, the relationship is often implied instead.
  • In face to face speech gestures, always done with the palm flat and all fingers extended (using a single finger or just two fingers is considered a demeaning insult) can substitute for verbs or words as well.
    • Examples: English: That’s incredible!
      • Ral Rantan: (clap hands or throw them up in air) Calalli! English: Hand me that blade (as an order).
      • Ral Rantan: (gesturing with hand) Aqiz vä döymäk!
  • Plurals are not normally used. This is implied and the word is the same as the singular version.
    • Example:
      • English: I have two brothers. Ral Rantan: (tap chest) Iki qardasc. I have is implied in the gesture and the plural is implied by the number given.
  • Pleasantries are rarely used in Ral Rantan. One never says please or thank you for example.
  • Threats used can be real as corporal punishment is very common for any infraction of social rules or for even minor disobedience. Common speech will be filled with threats, insults, and orders growled or barked by the speaker(s).

Syntax[edit]

Syntax is the study of how words combine to form grammatical sentences.

  • phrase, clause, grammatical function, grammatical voice, etc.

Meaning[edit]

No information yet available.

Lexicology[edit]

A lexicon is the word supply of a language.

  • word, lexeme, lemma, lexicon, vocabulary, terminology, etc.

Semantics[edit]

Semantics is the study of the meaning of words (lexical semantics), and how these combine to form the meanings of sentences.

  • meaning, sense, entailment, truth condition, compositionality, etc.

Pragmatics[edit]

Pragmatics is the study of how language is used by its speakers.

  • Ral Ranta is a very physical language. Speakers use a wide range of gestures in face-to-face communications as part of the language.
  • presupposition, implicature, deixis

History & Background (Historical Linguistics)[edit]

Ral Ranta is a derivative of an ancient Solomani dialect that has survived and evolved in a local region of space.

Worlds & Sectors (Astrography)[edit]

This language is primarily in use in the following areas:

References & Contributors (Sources)[edit]

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This article was copied or excerpted from the following copyrighted sources and used under license from Far Future Enterprises or by permission of the author.

  • Author & Contributor: Enoki