Platinum is a chemical element in the periodic table that has the symbol Pt and atomic number 78. A heavy, malleable, ductile, precious, grey-white transition metal, platinum is resistant to corrosion and occurs in some nickel and copper ores along with some native deposits. Platinum is used in jewellery, laboratory equipment, electrical contacts, dentistry, and emissions control devices.
- Catalyst utilized in the catalytic converter, an optional component of the TL 5-8 gasoline-fueled automobile exhaust system (see "Notable characteristics" in this article),
- Certain platinum-containing compounds are capable of intercalating into DNA and are chemotherapeutic agents owing to this capability. For example, cisplatin, Carboplatin and oxaliplatin belong to this class of drugs,
- Platinum resistance thermometers,
- Electrodes for use in electrolysis.
- Jewelry or other Oramentation
Platinum is often found free and alloyed with iridium as platiniridium. The platinum arsenide, sperrylite (PtAs2), is a major source of platinum associated with nickel ores. The rare sulfide mineral cooperite, (Pt,Pd,Ni)S, contains platinum along with palladium and nickel.
Platinum is typically produced commercially as a by-product of nickel ore processing. The huge quantities of nickel ore processed makes up for the fact that platinum is present as only 0.5 ppm in the ore.
This metal doesn't normally cause health problems due to its unreactive nature. Platinum compounds rarely occur in nature.
Rarity and Color
Platinum's rarity as a metal has caused advertisers to associate it with exclusivity and wealth. "Platinum" credit cards have greater privileges than do "gold" ones. "Platinum awards" are the highest possible, ranking above gold, silver and bronze. For example, a musical album that has sold more than 1,000,000 copies, will be credited as "platinum" (a higher certification of "Diamond" does exist, however). And some products, such as blenders and vehicles, with a silvery-white colour are identified as "platinum". Platinum is considered a precious metal, although its use as such is much more rare than the use of gold or silver. Due to its rarity, platinum is a highly priced metal, more so than gold or silver.
|This page uses content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Platinum. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. The text of Wikipedia is available under the Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.|